Chapter

The Rationality of Natural Theology

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199697533
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738470 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0005
The Rationality of Natural Theology

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The central question of Chapter 5 is to which type of rationality natural theology (also called rational theology) should aspire. Many types of rationality are identified, and various notions of epistemic rationality specified. It is argued that the natural theologian should aspire to rationality5, that is, to acquiring beliefs the probability of which is determined by applying correctly the right rules of inference on the basis of an evidence-set that is obtained by an objectively adequate investigation. This requirement raises the question as to what are the best methods of research for natural theology, which will be discussed in Chapter 6.

Keywords: Epistemic rationality; Instrumental rationality; Pascal’s wager; William James; Richard Dawkins; Externalism; Internalism; Types of internalist epistemic rationality (synchronic; diachronic; subjective; objective); Criteria for the adequacy of investigations; Methods of research

Chapter.  6158 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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