Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199697533
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738470 | DOI:
Other Inductive Arguments

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Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral Awareness, the Argument from Providence, the Argument from Evil, and the Argument from Hiddenness. The first four are either not correct C-inductive arguments for the existence of God because the relevance condition is not satisfied, or not good C-inductive arguments for the existence of God because the evidence has not been established. However, both the many prima facie pointless evils in the world, and the fact of God’s hiddenness, provide strong C-inductive arguments against God’s existence, in spite of the various defences put forward by Richard Swinburne.

Keywords: Argument from consciousness; Souls; Substance dualism; Mind–brain connections; Mad brain surgeon; Argument from measurement; Microreduction; Evolutionary history; John Searle; Primary and secondary qualities; Bridge law; Evolutionary explanation; Michael Tooley; Argument from moral awareness; Francis Collins; Altruism; Charles Darwin; Argument from providence; Providential; Death; Problems of evil; Higher-order-goods defence; Free-will defence; Significant responsibility; Heaven; Deus absconditus; Argument from hiddenness; Good father metaphor; John L. Schellenberg; Agnosticism; Atheism

Chapter.  18433 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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