Chapter

Humanism from Vico to Dilthey

Jens Zimmermann

in Humanism and Religion

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199697755
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738159 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697755.003.0004
Humanism from Vico to Dilthey

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This chapter continues the narrative of humanism with Giambattista Vico, who continues in, but also modifies, the Platonic tradition of patristic and Renaissance humanism, and whose writings laid the foundation for the modern idea of humanistic studies as the attainment of self-knowledge and wisdom through cultural history. Like Vico, who defends humanistic education against the rising spirit of Cartesian rationalism, Friedrich Schleiermacher defends a holistic view of human knowledge against Enlightenment thought by appealing to our participation in a transcendent unity of all things (the World All). While Schleiermacher's world view still allows him to construct a universal hermeneutics on the basis of a transcendent World Spirit, Wilhelm Dilthey seeks to justify the human sciences deliberately within a post-metaphysical, immanent framework by uniting consciousness and world in the concept of experience.

Keywords: human sciences; self-knowledge; hermeneutics; Platonism; language; rhetoric; rationalism; historicity; consciousness; experience; life-philosophy

Chapter.  20549 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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