Chapter

Outbreak management

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Third edition

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199698356
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732126 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0004
Outbreak management

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An outbreak of infection or food-borne illness may be defined as happening when two or more linked cases of the same illness or the situation where the observed number of cases exceeds the expected number, or a single case of disease caused by a significant pathogen (e.g., diphtheria or viral haemorrhagic fever). It is can also be defined as the occurrence of disease at a rate greater than that expected within a specific geographical area and over a defined period of time. Outbreaks may be confined to some of the members of one family or may be more widespread and involve cases either locally, nationally, or internationally. This chapter discusses case definitions in an outbreak situation, the role of the microbiology laboratory, the epidemic curve, outbreak control measures, the management of an outbreak, communication, the end of outbreak, and look-back investigations.

Keywords: infections; outbreaks; epidemics; microbiology

Chapter.  4020 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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