Chapter

Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonias

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Third edition

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199698356
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732126 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0014
Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonias

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Health care-associated pneumonia in hospitalized patients has a mortality rate of up to 40%. Although pneumonia may occur in patients throughout the hospital stay, the patients at greatest risk are those who are intubated to enable them to be managed on mechanical ventilatory support. This chapter discusses the definition and microbiology of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), pathogenesis of VAP, and prevention strategies.

Keywords: hospital-acquired pneumonia; ventilator-associated pneumonia; pathogenesis; prevention

Chapter.  3380 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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