Health care-associated pneumonia in hospitalized patients has a mortality rate of up to 40%. Although pneumonia may occur in patients throughout the hospital stay, the patients at greatest risk are those who are intubated to enable them to be managed on mechanical ventilatory support. This chapter discusses the definition and microbiology of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), pathogenesis of VAP, and prevention strategies.
Keywords: hospital-acquired pneumonia; ventilator-associated pneumonia; pathogenesis; prevention
Chapter. 3380 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology
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