Chapter

Primary and community health care facilities

Nizam Damani

in Manual of Infection Prevention and Control

Third edition

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199698356
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732126 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698356.003.0017
Primary and community health care facilities

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Primary and community health care facilities include GPs' surgeries, long-term facilities (e.g., nursing and residential homes), hospices, etc. The level of care provided to the clients/patients in these facilities varies greatly. For example, patients may visit their GP for a one-off consultation while the residents living in long-term facilities are elderly and may have chronic underlying conditions with multiple comorbidity. Some of these residents may have a mental illness and have a diminished immune response due to old age and malignant disease and are therefore more susceptible to infections. This chapter outlines the general principles of infection prevention and control in the community, and the individuals' health care facilities should take relevant sections which are applicable to the level of care they provide. The discussion covers management responsibilities, general principles of infection control, special problems, and outbreaks of infection.

Keywords: primary care; community care; general practitioners; infection prevention and control; outbreaks

Chapter.  2654 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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