Essential characteristics of EU law

Evelyn Ellis and Philippa Watson

in EU Anti-Discrimination Law

Second edition

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199698462
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745904 | DOI:

Series: Oxford European Union Law Library

Essential characteristics of EU law

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The chapter analyses in detail the principles underlying EU law, in particular those of its supremacy and direct effect. It concentrates on the characteristics of directives in particular, since these have special significance in the field of anti-discrimination law. It examines the strategies used, and still being developed by the CJEU, to mitigate the lack of horizontal direct effect of directives. It also analyses the notion of procedural autonomy.

Keywords: supremacy; primacy; direct effect; vertical direct effect; horizontal direct effect; incidental effect; procedural autonomy

Chapter.  33787 words. 

Subjects: EU Law

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