Chapter

Children

Anne Stott

in Wilberforce

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199699391
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739132 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699391.003.0011
Children

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The chapter contains anecdotes of the children of the Clapham sect. It relates Wilberforce’s move from Clapham to Kensington Gore. It describes the childhood of Marianne Thornton and moves on to a more general account of the education of the Clapham girls. There is a discussion of the educational theories of the period, showing the influence of John Locke’s writings. The chapter points out the conflicts between Evangelical views of original sin and the influence of Enlightenment views of childhood. It is argued that in sending their sons away to school, Evangelical fathers unwittingly undermined their association of virtuous masculinity with domesticity. Thomas Babington Macaulay’s experiences at Maurice Preston’s school are described in some detail. There are analyses of William Wilberforce’s and Zachary Macaulay’s difficult relationships with their eldest sons.

Keywords: Evangelicals; childhood; Kensington Gore; Marianne Thornton; education; John Locke; original sin; Thomas Babington Macaulay; William Wilberforce; Zachary Macaulay

Chapter.  12084 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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