Chapter

Human Interests and Human Causes

David S. Wendler

in The Ethics of Pediatric Research

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780199730087
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199776689 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.003.0005
Human Interests and Human Causes

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The fifth chapter first describes three reasonable conditions on any acceptable justification of nonbeneficial pediatric research: risk allowance, risk threshold, and preference for adults. The first condition holds that it can be acceptable to expose children to some risks for the benefit of others. The second condition places a limit on the level of risks which are acceptable in this context. The third condition holds that any justification for enrolling children should not imply that enrolling children is on a par with enrolling competent adults who consent. The chapter then focuses on developing an account of our interests by describing five categories of interests and the complex relationships between them. The extent to which this account is subjective and the extent to which it is objective is considered in some depth before evaluating when it is in our interests to contribute to valuable projects. This account of our interests provides the framework for evaluating when it might be in children's interests to participate in nonbeneficial pediatric research to help others.

Keywords: human interests; risk limit; contributions; causality; overall interests; needs; goals; preferences; achievements

Chapter.  28054 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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