David S. Wendler

in The Ethics of Pediatric Research

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780199730087
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199776689 | DOI:

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Chapter 10 provides the conclusion for the text, arguing that the present justification satisfies the 3 conditions on an acceptable justification for nonbeneficial pediatric research. Specifically, the fact that contributing to valuable projects promotes one's interests provides justification for exposing children to some risks for the benefit of others. This is the risk allowance condition. Next, the fact that passive contributions have only minimal implications for our interests implies that this possibility can justify only minimal risks. This is the risk threshold condition. Finally, the fact that more active contributions promote our interests more provides a reason to prefer the enrollment of adults to the enrollment of children. This fact is consistent with the third condition that we should prefer the enrollment of adults to children even though it is the case that participation can be consistent with children's interests.

Keywords: risk threshold; risk allowance; justification

Chapter.  2017 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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