Chapter

Nozick on Knowledge*

Saul A. Kripke

in Philosophical Troubles

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199730155
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918430 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730155.003.0007
Nozick on Knowledge*

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This chapter analyzes Robert Nozick's theory on knowledge. Nozick advocates what has been called an “externalist,” or “reliabilist,” analysis of knowledge. In his text Nozick states his indebtedness to those philosophers, such as Alvin Goldman, who give causal accounts of knowledge. His own contribution is to abandon causation in favor of a counterfactual analysis, which, he believes, will allow a uniform treatment of mathematical and ethical knowledge along with the straightforward empirical cases that seem to be more readily amenable to a causal analysis. However, as Nozick acknowledges in a footnote, actually he has rediscovered an approach that was in the published literature at least a decade before his book appeared.

Keywords: Robert Nozick; knowledge; causation; counterfactual analysis

Chapter.  35491 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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