Chapter

Polarization and Poison

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199730360
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199895250 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730360.003.0004
Polarization and Poison

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This chapter investigates how Bosnia became a politically divided polity in the years preceding the war and how certain vectors of conflict worked together to make the ethnic cleansing of Bosnian towns and villages not only possible but also desirable. Organized into three parts, the first considers the phases of polarization that developed in Bosnia from 1989 onward, during which nationalist politics and parties displaced Bosnia's culture of toleration. The second section considers how the geopolitical visions outlined in Chapter 2 found expression in Bosnian politics. The third section considers the vectors of conflict that undermined Bosnia's territorial integrity, fragmented its space (in the name of “regionalism”), and prepared the ground for ethnic cleansing.

Keywords: Bosnia; ethnic cleaning; polarization; toleration; geopolitics; territorial integrity; regionalism

Chapter.  13271 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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