Early Battles over Returns

Gerard Toal and Carl T. Dahlman

in Bosnia Remade

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199730360
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199895250 | DOI:
Early Battles over Returns

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This chapter surveys the immediate postwar situation and documents early return efforts and the strivings of local authorities to consolidate ethnic cleansing. The international community's early efforts failed to resolve the broader problems blocking minority returns, namely, the poisonous political discourse in Bosnia, persistent security problems for returnees, irregular and ad hoc property laws, and an emerging repertoire of obstructionist responses to Annex 7. Moreover, local ethnocracies had everything to gain and nothing to lose from continued displacement. Conditions of immobility and insecurity in postwar Bosnia bolstered the political and economic foundations of the new ethnoterritorial order. Captured populations had helped to return the ethnic parties to power, and returnees were easily intimidated by unchecked violence and the impunity enjoyed by well-known local war criminals.

Keywords: Bosnia; ethnic cleansing; Doboj; returnees; minorities

Chapter.  12576 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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