Chapter

Disproportionate Impact of Diabetes in a Puerto Rican Community of Chicago

Steven Whitman, José E. López, Steven K. Rothschild and Jaime Delgado

in Urban Health

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199731190
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199866465 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0010
Disproportionate Impact of Diabetes in a Puerto Rican Community of Chicago

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The prevalence of diabetes in adults in the United States has been steadily increasing from 4.9% in 1990 to 6.1% in 2004. Diabetes prevalence is higher in U.S. non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics compared to non-Hispanic Whites, and Puerto Ricans have a particularly high prevalence of diabetes. This chapter first presents data describing the diabetes epidemic in the Humboldt Park/West Town (HP/WT) area of Chicago. It then discusses how the community took ownership of these data and their implications, disseminated them widely, and converted the bad news of the data and the energy of the community into funding for an intervention, which is now in place. This intervention offers an opportunity to reverse the terrible damage being wrought by diabetes in the community and also to shift the ideological manner in which community-based interventions are considered. Finally, the chapter offers some observations and implications.

Keywords: Puerto Ricans; diabetes prevalence; community health; public health; Humboldt Park; West Town

Chapter.  6467 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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