Chapter

Conclusion

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in Political Power and Women’s Representation in Latin America

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199731954
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199866571 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731954.003.0008
Conclusion

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The conclusion paints a picture of women’s representation in Latin America drawing together the findings of the previous chapters. The study reveals that women’s representation in Latin America is complex and often incomplete. Institutions, such as gender quotas, do increase women’s numbers in office but do a better job when they are designed effectively. The election of women brings women’s issues to the policy arena, but in some systems, it reinforces gender divisions in legislative activities that often marginalize women. This is more likely a result of formal electoral rules that provide incentives for male party leaders to marginalize women than the use of gender quotas. Finally, women’s representation in the region (formal, descriptive, and substantive) does contribute to more positive citizen views of government. Still, in the end, a paradoxical picture of women’s representation emerges.

Keywords: women; representation; Latin America; marginalization; institutions

Chapter.  5492 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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