Chapter

The Formation and Transformation of Sufi Societies

Ousmane Oumar Kane

in The Homeland Is the Arena

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199732302
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894611 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732302.003.0004
The Formation and Transformation of Sufi Societies

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This chapter provides details about Senegalese Sufi communities in New York. It focuses on the Murid and Tijani Sufi communities because they are the most visible and easily accessed groups. Their activities are publicized on community radio programs, and recordings of their events are available for purchase. They also have good public relations strategies. The chapter shows how the largest religious groups have incorporated their organizations as nonprofit associations under the Internal Revenue Service Code 501 C 3. This means that they are officially recognized in the host society and can purchase property such as places of worship under their name. More important, as charitable organizations, they are exempt from federal income taxation. In addition, all the donations they receive from individuals and businesses are tax-deductible. This is seen as an important step in the process of institutional integration into American society. Incorporation has opened these associations to larger constituencies; in the process, it has altered somewhat their initial mission, which was to serve exclusively ethnic constituencies and preserve homeland cultural norms.

Keywords: Senegalese Sufi communities; Senegalese immigrants; New York City; Murid; Tijani; religious groups; nonprofit associations; institutional integration

Chapter.  8832 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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