Chapter

The Making and Unmaking of Hegemony

Latha Varadarajan

in The Domestic Abroad

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199733910
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199866205 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733910.003.0004
The Making and Unmaking of Hegemony

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Chapter 4 goes beyond the first approximation at resolving the puzzle of why the Indian state turned away from the Indian diaspora immediately after independence, by providing a more focused analysis of the nature of the postcolonial Indian state. Using as a starting point the controversy surrounding the take‐over bid of two Indian companies by Swraj Paul, an industrialist of Indian origin based in the United Kingdom, the chapter examines the nature of the state that replaced the colonial state. It does so by putting into focus the making of bourgeois hegemony, particularly in the period leading up to Indian independence, and its eventual fracturing by the 1980s. In this context, the Swraj Paul incident, which snowballed into a referendum not just on the legitimacy of the Indian capitalist class, but also on the relationship between the Indian state and the diaspora, provides a unique glimpse into the shaping of postcolonial India.

Keywords: Swraj Paul; Indian bourgeoisie; hegemony; Bombay plan; Nehruvian socialism; structural adjustment; NRI; FICCI; Keynesian system

Chapter.  13689 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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