From Indians Abroad to the Global Indian

Latha Varadarajan

in The Domestic Abroad

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199733910
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199866205 | DOI:
From Indians Abroad to the Global Indian

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This chapter examines the economic liberalization initiated in 1991 as a moment constituting a significant crisis for the postcolonial Indian nation-state. To explain the eventual adoption of the reforms, the chapter highlights the internecine struggles among the ranks of the Indian bourgeoisie and the eventual victory of a faction represented by the Confederation of Indian Industries. However, to ensure that economic liberalization was viewed as a calculated attempt by fractions of the bourgeoisie to maintain and perpetuate their privileged status, what was needed was a subject who could supposedly embody “national” aspirations, the potential for India to succeed in the global economy. In the context of the neoliberal restructuring of the state, thus, the rearticulation of bourgeois hegemony made essential a diasporic reimagining of the nation. The chapter concludes with a discussion of how these two ongoing, simultaneous processes have resulted in the production of the Indian domestic abroad, centered around the new subject, the “global Indian.”

Keywords: economic crisis; neoliberal restructuring; FICCI; CII; Pravasi Bharatiya; global Indian; globalization

Chapter.  16847 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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