Employment outcomes

Robert E. Drake, Gary R. Bond and Deborah R. Becker

in Individual Placement and Support

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199734016
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199949755 | DOI:

Series: Evidence-Based Practice

Employment outcomes

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This chapter examines the evidence for the effectiveness of the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model, summarizing four lines of research: firstly, a group of quasiexperimental studies of programs converting their services from day treatment to IPS; secondly, sixteen randomized controlled trials comparing IPS to alternative vocational programs; thirdly, a detailed analysis of a combined data set from four randomized controlled trials examining a comprehensive set of competitive employment measures; and, finally, long-term follow-up studies of IPS, including two with a follow-up period of eight years or more.

Keywords: IPS; alternative vocational programs; employment; day treatment programs

Chapter.  6521 words.  Illustrated.

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