This chapter explores the place of Islam in Europe by focusing on Muslim immigration at the very time that the void of the European Union non-identity yawned open. Perhaps as a result of that void, Europe’s Muslim population, with its very distinct identity, became more visible than ever. With the Dutch, the French, the Germans and others feeling as though they were losing themselves, the newly emerging Muslim identity became amplified and appeared to be a greater threat than might have otherwise been the case. As Europe’s establishment became increasingly uneasy regarding what it perceived as the misplaced loyalties of immigrant communities, the status of the mosque was elevated within migrant communities.
Keywords: established and outsiders; EU; Muslim identity; revolutionary imam; symbolic boundaries
Chapter. 14678 words.
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