Diplomacy as Eurasian Ritual

Jonathan Karam Skaff

in Sui-Tang China and Its Turko-Mongol Neighbors

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199734139
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950195 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Early Empires

Diplomacy as Eurasian Ritual

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This chapter aims to decode the diplomatic rituals of the Sui-Tang, Turko-Mongol, and Eurasians. It tries to show that supposedly insignificant details in ceremonies had obvious implications for witnesses. It emphasizes the entanglements between the Confucian rituals of interstate relations and those of Eurasia. It then takes a look at some studies of imperial Chinese diplomacy and tries to explain why foreigners were comfortable in participating in Confucian diplomatic rituals over the years, and why external conquest dynasties accepted Confucian rituals for foreign guests.

Keywords: diplomatic rituals; ceremonies; Confucian rituals; interstate relations; imperial Chinese diplomacy; foreigners; external conquest dynasties

Chapter.  16598 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Classical History

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