The State Meets Democracy

Stein Ringen, Huck-Ju Kwon, Ilcheong Yi, Taekyoon Kim and Jooha Lee

in The Korean State and Social Policy

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199734351
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199895373 | DOI:

Series: International Policy Exchange Series

The State Meets Democracy

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This chapter examines how the strong state accommodated democracy and economic crisis by rescaling social policy. In this lately democratized country, forces from below emerged as the new propellers of welfare development. To successfully promote new social programmes, the efforts of pro-welfare forces from below needed to gain support from forces from above that still had more institutional resources within the power-concentrated setting as historical legacies. The analysis of central decision-making should be followed by an investigation of local implementation. In the post-1997 reform, less was delivered locally than decided centrally. First, there were decision deficits centrally which became visible locally. Secondly, there were implementation deficits locally. The chapter explains the reasons why legislated policy was not implemented as designed in the light of some barriers to implementation. Democratic mixed governance was more complicated in that it had to operate through different levels of government with competing authorities.

Keywords: democratization; economic crisis; civil society organization; tripartite commission; local government; implementation; co-ordination

Chapter.  8442 words. 

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