Chapter

Chinese Marxist Atheism and Its Policy Implications

Fenggang Yang

in Religion in China

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199735655
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.003.0003
Chinese Marxist Atheism and Its Policy Implications

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Chapter Three examines the Chinese Communist understanding of atheism and its implications for the religious policy. The various forms of Chinese Communist atheism include the Leninist militant atheism that supports religious eradication and suppression, modernist enlightenment atheism that supports religious repression and restriction through scientific education, and mild atheism that advocates religious tolerance while debasing the socioeconomic foundation of religion. The militant atheism and enlightenment atheism continue to dominant the thinking about religion among Chinese officials.

Keywords: Lenin; Bolshevism; Enlightenment; May Fourth Movement; militant atheism; religion is the opium of the people; religion is culture

Chapter.  5261 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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