Chapter Three examines the Chinese Communist understanding of atheism and its implications for the religious policy. The various forms of Chinese Communist atheism include the Leninist militant atheism that supports religious eradication and suppression, modernist enlightenment atheism that supports religious repression and restriction through scientific education, and mild atheism that advocates religious tolerance while debasing the socioeconomic foundation of religion. The militant atheism and enlightenment atheism continue to dominant the thinking about religion among Chinese officials.
Keywords: Lenin; Bolshevism; Enlightenment; May Fourth Movement; militant atheism; religion is the opium of the people; religion is culture
Chapter. 5261 words.
Subjects: Religious Studies
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