Chapter

Regulating Religion under Communism

Fenggang Yang

in Religion in China

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199735655
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735655.003.0004
Regulating Religion under Communism

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Chapter Four traces the historical evolution of the religious policy under Chinese Communist rule. During the 60 years of Communist rule in China, the atheism-based regulation of religion has had four distinct periods: (1) co-option and control: 1949 to 1957; (2) active suppression of religious practices and organizations: 1957 to 1966; (3) eradication of religious beliefs, practices and venues: 1966 to 1979; and (4) limited tolerance and increased regulation: 1979 to 2009. The tenets of the current religious policy was initially designed in the late 1950s and intended for a totalitarian society with a centrally-planned economy. It has become seriously outmoded during the era of market transition since 1979.

Keywords: world religions; sects; cults; “patriotic associations”; Socialist Transformation; Cultural Revolution; totalitarianism; the United Front Work Department; the Religious Affairs Bureau; the State Administration of Religious Affairs

Chapter.  5266 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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