Regulating Religion under Communism

Fenggang Yang

in Religion in China

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199735655
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918591 | DOI:
Regulating Religion under Communism

Show Summary Details


Chapter Four traces the historical evolution of the religious policy under Chinese Communist rule. During the 60 years of Communist rule in China, the atheism-based regulation of religion has had four distinct periods: (1) co-option and control: 1949 to 1957; (2) active suppression of religious practices and organizations: 1957 to 1966; (3) eradication of religious beliefs, practices and venues: 1966 to 1979; and (4) limited tolerance and increased regulation: 1979 to 2009. The tenets of the current religious policy was initially designed in the late 1950s and intended for a totalitarian society with a centrally-planned economy. It has become seriously outmoded during the era of market transition since 1979.

Keywords: world religions; sects; cults; “patriotic associations”; Socialist Transformation; Cultural Revolution; totalitarianism; the United Front Work Department; the Religious Affairs Bureau; the State Administration of Religious Affairs

Chapter.  5266 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.