Chapter

Case Studies: Legislative Institutions in Brazil and India

Vineeta Yadav

in Political Parties, Business Groups, and Corruption in Developing Countries

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199735907
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894789 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735907.003.0003
Case Studies: Legislative Institutions in Brazil and India

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Most institutional theories of corruption posit a specific causal link between national institutions and levels of corruption. In order to test their predictions regarding the corruption implications of these institutions, they conduct panel or cross-country tests at the macro level of institutions without testing the causal mechanism itself directly. Unfortunately, this country-level macro-analysis cannot rule out the possibility that the predicted outcomes of corruption may be linked to institutions by a causal mechanism different from the one being proposed here. Given the illicit nature of corrupt exchanges, scholars have been hampered in this effort by the severe challenges of collecting the data required to test directly various causal mechanisms. This chapter discusses how the research design adopted in this book addresses this problem of micro-level empirical testing of the causal mechanism by adopting a strategy of comparative case analysis and studying two theoretically important cases—Brazil and India. It discusses the logic for selecting these specific cases and presents relevant details on their legislative institutions and lawmaking process.

Keywords: institutional design; Brazil; India; corruption; lawmaking; legislative institutions

Chapter.  11606 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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