Chapter

Conditional Analgesia, Negative Feedback, and Error Correction

Moriel Zelikowsky and Michael S. Fanselow

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199735969
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894529 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0094
Conditional Analgesia, Negative Feedback, and Error Correction

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Error correction has played an important role in the development of theories of Pavlovian conditioning, and it continues to be a central force driving research on the processes underlying learning and memory. This chapter highlights some of the key aspects of error correction—from the original groundwork that helped formulate the way we think about error correction to recent work looking at some of the physiological mechanisms that comprise error correction. In particular, this chapter focuses on the perceptual-defensive-recuperative and negative-feedback models for Pavlovian conditioning, as well as the role of conditional analgesia, attention, and dopamine in error-correction-based processes. This chapter discusses specific applications of error-correction principles in conditioning, but this chapter also tries to stress a comprehensive role for error correction, particularly in the selection of appropriate brain circuits for specific functions.

Keywords: error correction; negative-feedback; analgesia; fear conditioning; perceptual-defensive-recuperative model

Chapter.  9789 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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