Chapter

Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidality during the Transition to Adulthood

Daria K. Boeninger and Rand D. Conger

in Adolescence and Beyond

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199736546
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199932443 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736546.003.0004
Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidality during the Transition to Adulthood

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This chapter casts suicide-related thoughts and behaviors in a self-regulatory framework, and delineates the implications of parenting for the development of self-regulatory capacities, as well as the relations between self-regulatory capacities, functioning in stage-salient tasks, and suicidality risk during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. It proposes two central pathways of influence from parenting to offspring suicidality. One involves enduring vulnerabilities to suicidality created by a lack of self-regulatory resources resulting from a history of harsh or neglectful parenting. The other pathway involves social role impairments in the aftermath of negative parent-child bonding experiences: harsh and uninvolved parenting, through its effects on the development of adolescents' self-systems, can hamper their ability to function well in social roles, which in turn can lead to suicidal crises. The chapter describes and empirically tests how parenting influences behavioral, cognitive-affective, and conative aspects of adolescent self-regulatory resources, as well as the hypothesized links between self-regulatory resources and young adult social role functioning. It then describes and tests the hypothesized associations between suicidal episodes and self-regulatory capacities and young adult functioning in work and romantic relationships.

Keywords: suicide thoughts; self-regulation; adolescence; parent-child; self-regulatory resources; adult social functioning

Chapter.  9224 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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