Chapter

Underdiversity

Donald Black

in Moral Time

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199737147
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199944002 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737147.003.0018
Underdiversity

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Too much cultural distance is overdiversity, and too little is underdiversity. Both cause conflict. In the former case an increase of diversity itself causes conflict, while in the latter a rejection of diversity causes conflict. Heresy thus causes conflict because it introduces religious diversity, but the execution of heretics causes conflict because it rejects diversity—by eliminating the heretics. The greater and faster the rejection of diversity, the more conflict will occur: Conflict is a direct function of underdiversity. A rejection of diversity resembles a rejection of intimacy or authority, except that culture is typically shared with others. If a person rejects someone's religion, for example, the person rejects the religion of anyone else with the same religion. A rejection of diversity might be as extensive as the expulsion of an entire ethnicity from a community or region, or even genocide.

Keywords: cultural distance; overdiversity; underdiversity; conflict; diversity; intimacy; culture; religion

Chapter.  7374 words. 

Subjects: Social Theory

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