Chapter

Cohesion in Group Therapy

Gary M. Burlingame, Debra Theobald McClendon and Jennifer Alonso

in Psychotherapy Relationships That Work

Second edition

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199737208
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894635 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737208.003.0005
Cohesion in Group Therapy

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Cohesion is the most popular of several relationship constructs in the group therapy literature. This chapter reviews the most frequently cited definitions and studied measures of group cohesion. This chapter briefly introduces a new measure, the Group Questionnaire, which elucidates group relationships by suggesting two latent factors of cohesion: relationship quality (positive bond, positive work, and negative relationship) and structure factors (member–leader and member–member). To further understand the literature, a meta-analysis was conducted examining the relationship between cohesion and treatment outcome in forty studies. Results indicate cohesion has a moderate relationship with outcome and five moderator variables. Consideration of measures and practices to improve treatment outcome are highlighted.

Keywords: group therapy; cohesion; therapy relationship; meta-analysis

Chapter.  9901 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Psychology

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