Gregory G. Kolden, Marjorie H. Klein, Chia-Chiang Wang and Sara B. Austin

in Psychotherapy Relationships That Work

Second edition

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199737208
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894635 | DOI:

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Congruence or genuineness is a relational quality that has been highly prized throughout the history of psychotherapy, but of diminished research interest in recent years. This chapter defines and provides examples of this attribute of the therapy relationship and present an original meta-analytic review of the empirical literature showing its relation to improvement. Moderators of the association between congruence and treatment outcome are examined, and limitations of the extant research are discussed as well. In closing, this chapter advances several therapist practices that are likely to foster congruence and thus improve psychotherapy outcomes.

Keywords: congruence; genuineness; therapy relationships; meta-analysis

Chapter.  8843 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Psychology

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