The Pronoun Rate: Delineating New York Latino Communities

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199737406
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918621 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics

The Pronoun Rate: Delineating New York Latino Communities

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What are the subcommunities of Latino New Yorkers distinguished by in terms of occurrence rates of subject pronouns? Basic demographic groups defined by age, gender, education, and social class are all the same in pronoun rate. Groups distinguished by national origin form a continuum of pronoun rate differences. Speakers from the Caribbean and the Latin American mainland constitute two distinct groups, with much higher pronoun rates among Caribbeans. Given any two consultants, we cannot be sure that the Caribbean one will have a higher rate, but the probability is very strong. Inferential statistics allow us to project from our sample to the New York Latino population. The nature of statistical significance is discussed.

Keywords: pronoun occurrence rates; pronoun rate; basic demographic groups; national differences; regional differences; Caribbean; Latin American mainland; Caribbeans; Mainlanders; inferential statistics; sample; New York Latino population; Puerto Ricans; Cubans; Dominicans; Ecuadorians; Colombians; Mexicans

Chapter.  7365 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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