Internal Evidence for Continuity and Contact

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199737406
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918621 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics

Internal Evidence for Continuity and Contact

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The study of internal (grammatical and discourse‐communicative) independent variables is distinguished from external social variables. Multivariate analysis is now logistic regression. Explanations are offered for observed ranking of variables and constraints in reference lects. Variable hierarchies remain the same in bilingual lects, even into the second generation. Prediction is made and confirmed regarding constraint hierarchies keeping same ranking but undergoing reductions of range in the second generation. Rank differences in reference lects and rank changes in the second generation are studied in the variable based on person‐number inflections of the verb. Special attention is paid to ranking of second‐ and third‐person singular verbs. Results are analyzed in terms of evidence for continuity and contact‐induced change.

Keywords: internal independent variables; pronoun rate dependent variable; multivariate analysis; logistic regression analysis; cross‐generational analysis; reference lects; bilingual lects; variable hierarchies; constraint hierarchies; rank changes; range changes; language contact; continuity with Latin American Spanish

Chapter.  12264 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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