Chapter

The Place of Artificial Selection in Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution through Natural Selection

Michael Ruse

in Philosophy of Science Matters

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199738625
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894642 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0016
The Place of Artificial Selection in Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution through Natural Selection

Show Summary Details

Preview

How important are metaphors and analogies in science and what form do they take? Peter Achinstein's Concepts of Science is the definitive modern lynchpin of this discussion in modern philosophy of science. Inspired by this work, this chapter look at the use of artificial selection in Charles Darwin's Origin of Species. This chapter argue that it has a three-fold role: heuristic, pedagogical, and justificatory. This chapter locate Darwin's use of artificial selection in the context of the nineteenth-century discussion about causation, and, in particular, what constitutes a true cause, or vera causa. This chapter argue that this all shows what a skilled methodologist Darwin was and how crucial metaphors and models are in science.

Keywords: analogy in science; metaphor in science; Charles Darwin; Peter Achinstein; artificial selection

Chapter.  6022 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.