Chapter

Imām al-Ẓuhūr

Adam R. Gaiser

in Muslims, Scholars, Soldiers

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199738939
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894598 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738939.003.0002

Series: AAR ACADEMY SER

Imām al-Ẓuhūr

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This chapter traces the development of the Imām al-ZΔuhūr, or the Imām who rules with full authority during a time when the IbādΔiyya may openly practice their particular form of Islam. This type of Imām is shown to be the historical legacy of the early Caliphs, especially Abū Bakr and ‘Umar, with piety as his dominant characteristic. Later Khārijite and IbādΔī formulations of the imāmate that condemned sinning Imāms, allowed for their removal, and did not restrict the imāmate to a member of the Quraysh tribe are shown to be the result of this early focus on piety.

Keywords: Khārijites; IbādΔiyya; imāmate; Abu Bakr; ‘Umar; piety; ZΔuhūr

Chapter.  13692 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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