Chapter

Imām al-Kitmān

Adam R. Gaiser

in Muslims, Scholars, Soldiers

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199738939
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894598 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738939.003.0003

Series: AAR ACADEMY SER

Imām al-Kitmān

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This chapter examines the leadership of the IbādΔī community during the state of secrecy (kitmān). It shows how ‘ilm became an essential trait of the imāmate through the early circles of quietist Khārijite scholars (such as Jābir b. Zayd, the eponymous ‘Abdullāh b. IbādΔ and Abū ‘Ubayda Muslim b. Abī Karīma) who coalesced into the IbādΔiyya. In particular, it demonstrates how an Imām who is not knowledgeable may still be an Imām with the help of the ‘ulamā’, and, alternatively, how the ‘ulamā’ may at times retain control of the community when the imāmate cannot be established.

Keywords: Khārijites; IbādΔiyya; imāmate; Kitmān; ‘ilm; ‘ulamā’; Basra; Jābir b. Zayd; Abdullāh b. IbādΔ; Abū ‘Ubayda Muslim b. Abī Karīma

Chapter.  14199 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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