Chapter

Vital Organ Donation without the Dead Donor Rule

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

in Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199739172
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199918683 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.003.0015
Vital Organ Donation without the Dead Donor Rule

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The established ethical framework for donation of vital organs has relied on "the dead donor rule," which stipulates that vital organs can be procured for transplantation only from donors who are dead. However, the argument in Chapters 3 and 5 demonstrates that "brain dead" individuals remain alive and donors declared dead according to circulatory criteria are not known to be dead at the time that their organs are being procured. Can vital organ donation be acceptable without the dead donor rule? In Chapter 6 we develop an ethical justification of vital organ donation from still-living donors contingent on valid plans to withdraw life-sustaining treatment and consent. Under these circumstances, donors are not harmed or wronged by organ procurement prior to stopping treatment. We consider and reply to a series of objections to this justification of vital organ donation without appeal to the dead donor rule.

Keywords: dead donor rule; exploitation; consent; nothing is lost; as good as dead

Chapter.  18897 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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