Chapter

Introduction

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking

Second edition

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199739998
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199895045 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0001
Introduction

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The introduction lays out the plan of the book: to consider two groups of rhetorical tropes that this chapter calls figurative predications and figurative comparisons. With a figurative predication, a feature is assigned to something in a recognizably inappropriate way, as, for example, in irony. With a figurative comparison, two things are said to be similar in the face of the fact that they are strikingly dissimilar, as, for example, in metaphors. In both cases, figurativeness emerges through the violation of or departure from the standards for literal discourse. Because Grice's use of the notion of a conversational implication (or implicature) plays a central role in the account of figurative predication in Chapter 1, there is a brief summary of the aspects of his account of conversational implication as it bears upon figurative language.

Keywords: Grice; conversational implication; figurative predications; irony; figurative comparisons; metaphor

Chapter.  2230 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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