Chapter

Figurative Predications

Robert J. Fogelin

in Figuratively Speaking

Second edition

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199739998
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199895045 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739998.003.0002
Figurative Predications

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Using ideas primarily derived from Grice's notion of conversational implicatures, this chapter provides an account of irony, hyperbole, and understatement. Grice's central notion is that these figures emerge through intentional, mutually recognized flouting of rules governing the literal use of language. There is one shift in emphasis from Grice. Grice tends to think that the recognition of irony, for example, involves things that people figure out (or calculate) in order to make sense out of something that is otherwise patently false. My suggestion is that they are sometimes automatic corrective responses. If A has betrayed B, B's remark, “You're a fine friend,” is immediately taken as a rebuke, thus engaging A in the criticism.

Keywords: Grice; conversational implication; irony; hyperbole; corrective response

Chapter.  5452 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy

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