Chapter forty-six examines Hodge’s relationship with James Henley Thornwell, perhaps the most influential southern Presbyterian of his generation. The two men seldom agreed. As conservative as Hodge was in his theological views, Thornwell was even more conservative. Thornwell approached the Bible as a strict constructionist. If the Bible did not actually say it, then it could not be true. The effects of Thornwell’s approach included his opposition to voluntary societies and boards being used by the American Presbyterian Church. Hodge supported the use of such boards and societies. Thornwell also believed in a higher status for the Ruling Elder than did Hodge. Ultimately, Thornwell lost faith in his northern Old School brethren and became a founding member of the Presbyterian Church of the Confederate States of America. He also helped found The Southern Presbyterian Review.
Keywords: Charles Hodge; James Henley Thornwell; Presbyterian Church of the Confederate States of America; Catholic Baptism; General Assembly; South Carolina College; Harvard Divinity School; Andover Seminary; Voluntary Boards; Ruling Elder; Teaching Elder; The Southern Presbyterian Review
Chapter. 2079 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: History of Christianity
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