Chapter

The Controversies over the <i>Controversiae</i>

Stefania Tutino

in Empire of Souls

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199740536
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894765 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740536.003.0002

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

The Controversies over the Controversiae

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This chapter analyzes the controversies that Bellarmine’s theories provoked within the Catholic world. Bellarmine’s potestas indirecta, in fact, did not only oppose him to the Protestant theologians of his time but also put him at odds with many Catholic theorists and with important members of the Roman Curia. Indeed, between 1589 and 1590 Pope Sixtus V tried to have the first volume of the Controversiae put on the Index of Prohibited Books, despite the protests of Claudio Acquaviva, General of the Society of Jesus. This chapter analyzes the events that led to Sixtus’ action, starting with Bellarmine’s involvement in the controversy de auxiliis and with Bellarmine’s debate with Leonardus Lessius. Then, after explaining in detail the clash between Bellarmine and Sixtus V, this chapter follows the controversies over Bellarmine’s theory in the 1590s, during the pontificate of Clement VIII.

Keywords: Sixtus V; Clement VIII; Index of Prohibited Books; Lessius; de auxiliis; Jesuits; Acquaviva

Chapter.  15370 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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