Chapter

Robert Bellarmine and the <i>Potestas Indirecta</i>

Stefania Tutino

in Empire of Souls

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199740536
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894765 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740536.003.0005

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

Robert Bellarmine and the Potestas Indirecta

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This chapter focuses on France, where both James’s Oath of Allegiance and Bellarmine’s theory were vivaciously and dramatically debated, especially after the assassination of King Henri IV by a Catholic fanatic and supporter of the Jesuits in 1610. The first section of this chapter offers an overview of the issues at stake by exploring the link between Papal authority, tyrannicide, and the doctrine of Papal deposition of heretical princes. A second section shows how Bellarmine’ theories were at the forefront of a crucial political debate involving Rome, London, and Paris by analyzing the reaction of the Parlement to Bellarmine’s theory. Another section of this chapter illustrates the significance of Bellarmine’s theory in another, parallel, debate, involving the role and nature of the Catholic Church in France, the relationship between the French Gallican tradition and the Roman centralizing tendencies, the political and ecclesiological force of Conciliarist theories. More specifically, this section will examine closely the theological debate within the Sorbonne between Edmond Richer and André Duval.

Keywords: Henri IV; Richer; Duval; Gallicanism; Conciliarism; ecclesiology; Sorbonne; Parlement; tyrannicide; deposition

Chapter.  24961 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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