Chapter

Robert Bellarmine and the Catholic Church

Stefania Tutino

in Empire of Souls

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199740536
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199894765 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740536.003.0007

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

Robert Bellarmine and the Catholic Church

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The final chapter closes back on the Roman Curia, and it explains how, in Bellarmine’s view, the dynamics and mechanics of its power worked. The first section of this chapter illustrates the implication of Bellarmine’s theory for the development of the political and administrative structure of the Roman Curia. The second section of this chapter focuses on Bellarmine’s position on Copernicanism and on the Galileo affair, and it argues that Bellarmine’s opinions on natural philosophy were consistent with his politico-theological view of the Pope as the spiritual and intellectual leader of Christianity. The third and final section of this chapter presents some concluding remarks on the significance of Bellarmine’s theory for our understanding of ‘modern’ notions of power and authority, and it proposes a theoretical reading of Bellarmine’s theory against Carl Schmitt’s notion of territorial sovereignty and Antonio Gramsci’s understanding of hegemony.

Keywords: Curia; administration; Copernicanism; Galileo; Schmitt; Gramsci; sovereignty; hegemony

Chapter.  14990 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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