Chapter

History

Jean‐Paul Brodeur

in The Policing Web

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199740598
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199866083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.003.0003

Series: Studies in Crime and Public Policy

History

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Chapter 2 is devoted to the history of policing. Three models of policing are described. The Continental European model was first developed in seventeenth‐century France. Policing was then considered to be synonymous with governance in all of its aspects, provision of security being just one. The British model progressively emerged in London during the nineteenth century. It narrowed down the police mandate to the prevention and repression of crime and the provision of public order. The British model was adopted in the United States and Canada. Policing in the United States was at first unprofessional and blighted by corruption. A large private sector developed, specializing in the brutal policing of labor relations. Canada adopted a hybrid system, two provinces being policed by municipal police forces and the rest of Canada by a militarized force—the Royal Canadian Mounted Police—patterned on the Royal Ulster Constabulary.

Keywords: history; policing; model; governance; security; France; England; United States; Canada

Chapter.  16395 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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