Chapter 5 is devoted to the work of uniformed as opposed to plainclothes police. It first asks who they are. Data on sociological variables such as age, sex, education, and ethnic status are presented, with a focus on the recruitment of women. Second, the author raises the question of what police actually do during their working hours. Two issues are discussed on the basis of meta‐analyses of fifty-one empirical studies and the general opinion of more than twenty researchers. The first is the time allocated by the police in uniform to crime control and the second is the proportion of their working time that is committed to specific duties as opposed to time that is uncommitted to anything specific. Finally, the two most important means of policing in uniform—police visibility and the use of coercion—are the object of a discussion stressing their limitations.
Keywords: police; uniform; feminization; meta‐analysis; crime‐fighting; coercion; visibility; crowd‐control; appearances
Chapter. 19724 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Criminal Law
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