Chapter

High and Low Policing

Jean‐Paul Brodeur

in The Policing Web

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199740598
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199866083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.003.0008

Series: Studies in Crime and Public Policy

High and Low Policing

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Chapter 7 elucidates the concept of high policing, which was introduced by the author in previous writings. The main elements of high policing are first discussed and contrasted with the characteristics of low policing. These elements are the protection of the political regime; the state defined as victim; the retention of information until it can be used with maximum efficiency; the utilization of known criminals; the use of informants; secrecy; deceit; the conflation of executive, judicial, and legislative powers; and extralegality. All these elements merge together in the establishment of a system of preventive detention, incompatible with democratic values. The use of informants being the hallmark of high policing, a second part of the chapter is devoted to developing a typology of police informers and to explore their legal privileges. Finally, a model integrating high and low policing is developed and its main features explained.

Keywords: high policing; low policing; state; intelligence; national security; surveillance; counterterrorism; informants; preventive detention; model

Chapter.  13993 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Criminal Law

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