Chapter

Edges of Policing

Jean‐Paul Brodeur

in The Policing Web

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199740598
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199866083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.003.0010

Series: Studies in Crime and Public Policy

Edges of Policing

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Chapter 9 describes special types of policing, such as military policing and private extralegal protection. Depending on the political regime, military policing is conducted in markedly different ways. Military policing, as exemplified in France, is fully compatible with democracy. It is not different in its nature from civilian policing. The military police operate within a highly centralized structure, they are deployed in rural areas, their chain of command is more rigid, and they are specialized in various duties such as crowd control. In other countries, such as Brazil, military police operate within an undemocratic legal framework that sets them apart from civilian policing. Within this framework they can carry out brutal operations causing a large number of casualties with absolute impunity. The last part of this chapter discusses Gambetta's hypothesis that criminal organizations, such as the Italian or Russian Mafia, provide protection at a high price to private clients.

Keywords: military policing; democracy; centralization; chain of command; crowd‐control; fire power; civilian casualties; extralegal protection; criminal organizations

Chapter.  11627 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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