The Effects of Deportation in the United States and in the New Diaspora

Daniel Kanstroom

in Aftermath

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199742721
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950348 | DOI:
The Effects of Deportation in the United States and in the New Diaspora

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This chapter considers the effects of deportation on individuals, families and on entire communities. It begins with family separation and the de facto deportations of U.S. citizen children. Parental deportation can be devastating for children (many of whom are U.S. citizens) who remain in the U.S. or who are, in effect, de facto deported along with their parents. Deportation also dramatically affects the deportees themselves. In countries such as Haiti, Jamaica, El Salvador and Cambodia deportees face incarceration under terrible conditions, deracination, alienation, profound social ostracism, “mano dura” policies, and sometimes outright torture. Finally, the chapter examines the effects of deportation on the countries and communities to which the deportees are sent. These consequences have been profoundly negative, both in terms of economics and crime rates. Finally, the chapter describes the creation of a large, world-wide, American diaspora of deportees.

Keywords: families; diaspora; torture; mano dura; Haiti; Jamaica; El Salvador; Cambodia

Chapter.  14632 words. 

Subjects: Human Rights and Immigration

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