Chapter

Has Democracy Favored Women Politicians?

Roderic Ai Camp

in The Metamorphosis of Leadership in a Democratic Mexico

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199742851
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199866298 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742851.003.0005
Has Democracy Favored Women Politicians?

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The most significant contribution women make in terms of altering career patterns among leading politicians is their significantly greater emphasis on legislative careers. A fascinating general characteristic about democratic transitions and leadership is that if change in the composition of leadership can be linked to democratic transformations, the most fundamental of those changes will occur in the legislative branch. In the longer term, if the executive branch increasingly draws on leaders with legislative experience, as is the case of President Calderón, then alterations in the composition of the legislative branch will be transferred, in part, to the executive. An increase in the number of women politicians signifies a decrease in executive experience, both on the local level as mayors, and on the state level as secretary generals and governors. Furthermore, the lack of gubernatorial experiences places future women politicians at a serious disadvantage in achieving the visibility necessary to obtain certain other higher offices, including the presidency. Finally, an increased presence of women in the last two administrations enhances the diversity of values learned in higher education since women come in greater numbers from non-traditional schools and private institutions than politicians in the past.

Keywords: women politicians; diversity of values; legislative careers; gubernatorial experiences; democratic transitions; composition of leadership

Chapter.  9709 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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